Glagaharjo Batik: Captivating Craftsmanship from Cangkringan

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Batik is one of Indonesia’s cultural heritages that has gained global recognition. It encompasses various motifs and techniques unique to each region. One area known for its fascinating batik craftsmanship is Glagaharjo, a village located in Kapanewon Cangkringan, Sleman Regency, Yogyakarta Special Region.

The History of Glagaharjo Batik

The development of Glagaharjo Batik began in the 1980s when a batik entrepreneur named Sriyono established a batik business in this village. Sriyono taught the cap and tulis (hand-drawn) batik techniques to the villagers, particularly women, offering an alternative livelihood to farming. Sriyono also brought several batik motifs from other regions, such as Solo and Pekalongan, and adapted them with the distinctive characteristics of Cangkringan.

Over time, Glagaharjo batik flourished and gained widespread recognition. Numerous local and foreign tourists were drawn to buy or learn to create batik in this village. Some batik artisans even succeeded in developing new motifs that portray the beauty of Cangkringan’s nature and culture, such as Merapi batik, kembang setaman batik, and cendrawasih batik.

Glagaharjo Batik Motifs

Here are some popular Glagaharjo batik motifs and their meanings:

  • Merapi Batik: This motif depicts the majestic and exotic scenery of Mount Merapi. Mount Merapi is a symbol of strength, fertility, and prosperity for the people of Cangkringan. The motif usually employs bright colors such as red, yellow, and green to showcase the vibrant hues of nature.
  • Kembang Setaman Batik: This motif illustrates the flowers that bloom in village gardens. The flowers symbolize beauty, harmony, and diversity. The motif often employs pastel colors like pink, blue, and purple, creating a romantic and feminine ambiance.
  • Cendrawasih Batik: This motif showcases the beautiful and rare cendrawasih bird. The cendrawasih bird symbolizes happiness, loyalty, and nobility. The motif typically uses contrasting colors like black, white, and gold, evoking an elegant and luxurious feel.

Places to Learn Glagaharjo Batik

If you are interested in learning the art of creating Glagaharjo batik, you can visit several course centers in the village. One such place is Batik Sriyono, owned by Sriyono himself, which serves as the primary batik training center for the villagers. Here, you can learn cap and tulis batik techniques under the guidance of experienced batik artisans. You can also choose motifs and colors according to your preferences.

Apart from Batik Sriyono, you can also learn batik at Batik Merapi, owned by Sri Hartini, a renowned Glagaharjo batik artisan. Here, you can learn the detailed and meticulous technique of creating the Merapi batik motif through the tulis method. Additionally, you can observe the entire batik-making process, starting from creating the night (a wax-resist tool), dyeing the fabric, to the final process of fabric clarification.

Conclusion

Glagaharjo Batik is a unique Cangkringan craft with high artistic and cultural value. Its various motifs portray the beauty of Cangkringan’s nature and culture, such as Merapi batik, kembang setaman batik, and cendrawasih batik. You can purchase or learn to create Glagaharjo batik at several business establishments and courses available in the village.

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